Our Services

At Keystone Ecological we provide the highest calibre survey, assessment and ecological advice for our clients that include individuals, large and small businesses, community groups, government agencies and other Ecologists.

We provide a broad array of services for all types of development projects at all stages, including:

  • Preliminary assessments (constraints and opportunities). This is most useful prior to purchasing land or prior to finalising a development layout. These assessments provide information on the environmental constraints of the site and suitable development locations.
  • Impact assessments. These assessments are required by Council or other determining authorities such as the Department of Planning. They may be in the form of:
    • Flora and Fauna Impact Assessment
    • Threatened Species Assessment (Section 5A Assessment of Significance)
    • Species Impact Statement
    • Environmental Assessment
  • Biodiversity Development Assessment Report (BDAR). This comprehensive report provides a detailed assessment in accordance with the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 and Biodiversity Assessment Method (BAM). A BDAR can only be undertaken by an accredited assessor under the Biodiversity Offset Scheme (BOS). A BDAR may require a proposal to offset impacts to biodiversity through the offset scheme, which may include additional costs. 
  • Biodiversity Certification Assessement Report (BCAR). A BCAR is generally reserved for large – staged development proposals. These follow a similar process to a BDAR and require an accredited assessor to undertake the report. 
  • Biodiversity Stewardship Site Assessment Report (BSSAR). This assessment is undertaken when the client is looking to use land for conservation purposes, including maintaining and revegetating native vegetation. A BSSAR can only be undertaken by an accredited assessor and may act as a long-term investment with stewardships sites providing an opportunity to create biodiversity credits that can be purchased by others to offset impacts assessed under a BDAR. A BSSAR must be accompanied by a Management Plan to be implemented for 20 years to ensure conservation actions occur.
  • Management Plans. These documents provide advice on managing bushland on the development property, including actions (such as the installation of nest boxes) required by council as part of consent conditions. Management Plans are usually provided as:
    • Vegetation Management Plan
    • Bushland Management Plan
    • Rehabilitation Plan
    • Weed Management Plan
    • Monitoring  / compliance reports
  • Analysis of Microbat calls and Audio recordings. Keystone Ecological can provide fast and accurate analysis of Microbat calls, using the latest up to date Anabat Software and an extensive call library. Our team can also provide a summary of fauna species captured in audible audio recordings using spectrogram analysis.
  • Expert evidence for the Land and Environment Court.


Our staff possess the ability and commitment to provide advice throughout the planning process, particularly when dealing with complex environmental scenarios. Our team delivers balanced and practical advice based on experience and sound ethics, enabling Keystone Ecological to facilitate communication between clients and determining authorities.